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While the samurai is one of the most common archetypes in Japanese cinema, the female version is about as rare as the female gunslinger. Although none of these women reached anything like the popularity of Zatoichi - 26 films starring Shintaro Katsu alone, never mind the recent Takeshi Kitano version - there have been a few that have attempted to break the mould. Azumi and The Princess Blade have both achieved cult status in the West, assisted by Tarantino's take in Kill Bill, Volume 1. Back in 1973, there was Lady Snowblood, which was successful enough to merit a sequel the following year, but so far, only one samurai-ess series has survived more than two outings.
That swordswoman is Oichi, supposedly based on an animated story and character by Teruo Tanashita - but, really, who are they trying to kid? This was simply the Shochiku's studio's answer to Daiei's Zatoichi, and any protestations to the contrary should be treated with deep scepticism. Both hero and heroine are blind, yet have no problem fighting for truth, justice and the Amer...Japanese way, as they wander through the traditional chambara landscape. [Indeed, in the first film, a blind masseuse wobbles drunkenly through one scene, in what can only be a casual potshot at Zatoichi] Original thought is not something to look for in the Crimson Bat series, even ardent fans will admit. However, Shochiku did strike gold in Yuko Matsuyama; albeit they didn't have to look very far to find her, since she was married to character creator Tanashita. I get the feeling Shochiku didn't exactly over-exert themselves in a star search.
With the success of Kill Bill, it seems a little strange that no-one has seen fit to give Crimson Bat proper English-language distribution. However, we don't let things like that stop us. :-) While dubbed versions of all four films in the saga are available on the grey market, the bootleg prints seem to have Dutch, or occasionally Greek, subtitles. This lends the whole thing a certain surreal air, though as dubs go, they aren't bad - an opinion no doubt assisted by the characters, who generally prefer to let their actions speak louder than their words. And since even Alex in Wonderland, pretty much the fount of all GWG wisdom, appears to have missed these, we're proud to present what is (as far as I'm aware) the first review of the entire series to appear on the Internet.
Crimson Bat, The Blind Swordswoman
[Mekura No Oichi Monogatari: Makkana Nagaredoni]
Dir: Matsuda Teiki
Stars: Yoko Matsuyama, Isamu Nagato, Jun Tatara, Satoshi Amatsu
We meet our heroine Oichi as a young child, who has just been being abandoned by her mother - not sure what happened to father, but we later discover Mom's a prostitute, so can probably fill in the blanks ourselves. To make matters worse, the tree under which Oichi takes shelter from a storm is struck by lightning, rendering her totally blind, in a way that's - probably wisely - left medically unexplained. However, she is then taken in by a kind gentleman, who brings her up, and on into adulthood.
She's no luckier with her foster parent, who is murdered by a former associate, Devil Denzou (Amatsu); she is saved from the same fate by a wandering samurai. He sees her potential and trains her in the way of the sword, to the point where she has surpassed him. But she mentions the M-word - "marriage" - and he, too, exits like a, er, bat out of hell. On subsequent travels, she uses her skills to save yet another man from being lynched, and eventually, all these disparate plot threads join up, more or less. Though others, such as the woman with a killer yo-yo [GoGo Yubari's ancestor?] just kinda drift out of the plot.
The film is at its best when there is the threat of violence; much like Sergio Leone, the lead-up lasts much longer than the actual acts, with the director ratcheting up the tension. For example, there's one scene where Oichi visits a gambling parlour to raise money, and from the moment she sits down, you know it's just a matter of time before her sword comes out of its red sheath (which presumably is the origin of her name - that, and the copious blood that tends to get sprayed when she's around). There's also a nice visual sense at work throughout here, particularly in lighting, which enhances proceedings nicely.
And, being honest, the actual drama needs all the help it can get, since it seems limp in comparison, though allowance should likely be made for the dubbing. That, however, can't explain the bouncing back and forth in time, which may induce temporal nausea in susceptible viewers; it feels as if the finished film got tossed in the air and is shown in the order it hit the ground. And while there's a decent "ah-hah!" when everything ties up, this isn't enough to justify the lengthy set-up. Fewer plot threads, explored in depth, would be a major improvement.
Trapped, The Crimson Bat
[Mekura No Oichi Monogatari: Jigoku Hada]
Dir: Matsuda Teiki
Stars: Yoko Matsuyama, Yasunori Irikawa, Kikko Matsuoka, Toru Abe
Later that same year (1969), Oichi was back in action, and at the start of Trapped, seems quite content with her life as a bounty-huntress. She has even adopted an orphan, just as she herself was taken in herself, but two things wreck this relatively happy situation. She discovers her protege is really a runaway, not an orphan, and consequently has to abandon her - again, as she was discarded. Worse yet, she incurs the wrath of fellow bounty-huntress Oen (Matsuoka), a kitten with a whip and pockets full of venomous snakes, who leaves Oichi for dead. Luckily, she is nursed back to health by Matsuka (Irikawa), a farmer who doesn't care about her shady past, and Oichi discovers the joys of a simpler existence - specifically, one not involving the slaughter of criminals for cash. Of course, the inevitable eventually happens: local thug Bunzo (Abe) starts taking the locals' rice stocks, with Oen closely in tow. No prizes for guessing that the quiet life isn't going to last long, especially after Matsuka is manipulated by Oen into owing a gambling debt to Bunzo.
This is a fine movie, with Matusoka in particular a grand foil for the heroine, her hair covering one half of her face like a veil, and the other half usually displaying a near-psychotic expression. Oichi's struggles to leave her past behind feel almost like Shakespearean tragedy, and the final shots of the film, while a sudden way to end, hint strongly at an endless, futile struggle. To paraphrase George Orwell, if you want a picture of the future, imagine a Samurai sword slicing up an opponent...forever. Downbeat? Hell, yes. Wouldn't have it any other way.
Other Classic Action Villainesses Ilsa (The Ilsa movies)
Callisto (Xena, Warrior Princess)
O-Ren Ishii (Kill Bill, Volume 1)
Rosa Klebb (From Russia With Love)
Perdita Durango (Perdita Durango)
T-X (Terminator 3)
Michiko Nishiwaki (In the Line of Duty 3)
Faith (Buffy the Vampire Slayer)
Madame Su (Iron Angels)
Mama (Cleopatra Jones)
The action is decent too, with Matsuyama definitely operating a step above her first outing; although these aren't usually so much fights, more the swift dispatch of one or more opponents, that's par for the chambara genre. Matsuka is somewhat of an enigma as a character - it's hard to see why Oichi falls for him, and the whole "orphan" plotline is not well handled. In particular, it's lacking any kind of background, to the extent it feels like an entire film was missing. The rest of the story though, is well-crafted and packs a solid wallop; you could certainly argue that this is the best flight of the Crimson Bat.
Watch Out, Crimson Bat!
[Mekura No Oichi Monogatari: Midare Gasa]
Dir: Hirokazu Ichimura
Stars: Yoko Matsuyama, Goro Ibuki, Kiyoko Inoue, Asahi Kurizuka
The third entry in the series saw a new director, and unfortunately, a marked turn for the worse, largely because the focus drifts off Oichi. It starts briskly enough, with the heroine coming into possession of a new, effective formula for gunpowder, something barely known at the time in Japan. Understandably, this makes her the focus of attention, in particular for a group with an interest in profiting from the discovery.
I have a number of qualms with the storyline here, not least the concept that "weapons of mass destruction" (as gunpowder was, when compared to the arrows and swords prevalent during this era) are safe in any hands. Moral doubts aside, the main flaw is the introduction of characters such as Gennosuke (Ibuku) and, worse still, an immensely irritating pair of teenage orphans. Together, they succeed in making Oichi feel like a supporting character in her own movie, and she is almost entirely absent from action in the middle portion.
By the time she rides to the rescue...yes, I said "rides", her previously unmentioned equestrian skills being hand-waved away with "the horse knows where it's going"...the film is pretty much dead in the water. The final battle does mark another step up in scale, with Matsuyama's skills again clearly improved, and the quantity of enemies dispatched again setting a high-water mark, even if Gennosuke gets to take out almost as many as Oichi, and the way in which the villainous henchman suddenly switches sides is laughable. In marked contrast to its two predecessors, this does have a proper ending, tying up the loose threads in a satisfying, if conventional, way. It isn't enough to rescue the day, with interest having succumbed at a disturbingly early point.
In its incarnation as Samurai Woman (left), I believe this was the only installment to see a release in the UK. When first seen, over a decade ago, it was unimpressive, and it remains weak, particularly when viewed from an action heroine perspective. But even in general terms, it's a poor piece of cinematic storytelling.
Crimson Bat: Wanted, Dead or Alive
[Mekura No Oichi Monogatari: Inochi Moraimasu]
Dir: Hirokazu Ichimura
Stars: Yoko Matsuyama, Yuki Meguro, Tetsuro Tanaba, Reiko Oshida
Director Ichimura returned for the fourth episode, and despite similar problems as the third installment - most obviously, an apparent doubt that Oichi's character can hold the viewer's interest by herself - makes a much better stab at things here. Bounty-hunter Oichi finds out what life is like on the other side of the law, after she helps rescue an unwilling bride from a local magistrate; he slaps a 100 gold-piece reward on her head, which naturally, brings other bounty-hunters on her trail, led by Sankuro (Meguro).
She ends up in a fishing village, where the "evil property developer" subplot makes a surprising appearance, despite the historical era. The reconstruction of the harbour threatens to put the locals out of work, but a plot is afoot among the local authorities to pay them only one gold piece each in compensation, rather than the 15 gold pieces actually provided by the federal government. Residents, officials, bounty-hunters and Oichi all inevitably collide, including one character played by Tetsuro Tamba, who remains even now one of the most respected (and prolific - the IMDB lists 193 films for him!) actors in Japanese cinema.
There's a lot of devious double-crossing and deception here, which is okay to watch, but isn't really the reason we watch these things. And that it also turns out to be Sankuro's birthplace is too much of a fluke to swallow. Fortunately, it all builds nicely to an extended finale, where our heroine (now also framed for the murder of a village elder) gets a chance to take out her aggression and resentment on all those who have turned her life into that of a hunted animal. It's a great urban battle, through the town which is being demolished around her, in and out of buildings until she finally confronts the chief villain of the piece.
Though this was the last entry in the series, there isn't much sense of closure at the end, with (and I trust I'm not really spoiling this for anyone) Oichi merely walking off into the sunset, alone again, naturally. One senses Shochiku were hoping to continue, but for whatever reason - most likely box-office success, or rather, the lack thereof - it never materialised. However, for a series from the 60's, it was undeniably ahead of its time, and most of the films have survived the passage of three and a half decades in an impressive style. If any enterprising DVD company were to snap them up, the rewards would likely be significant.
[August 2005, Bill F writes: "You may be interested to learn that after the last film it was turned into a television series. The film series was produced by Shochiku. The TV series was produced by Toei. Like the films, the TV series starred Yuko Matsuyama. The TV series also starred Hiroshi Fujioka and it ran for 25 episodes (4/12/71 - 9/27/71)."]
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